An Open Letter in Support of a Besieged Academic

Aug 16, 2018 |  NAS

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An Open Letter in Support of a Besieged Academic

Aug 16, 2018 | 


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Rachel Fulton Brown is a tenured associate professor of history at the University of Chicago, who specializes in the religious history of the Medieval West. She won the Medieval Academy of America’s John Nicholas Brown Prize for her 2002 book From Judgment to Passion: Devotion to Christ and the Virgin Mary, 800–1200, and her latest book, Mary and the Art of Prayer: The Hours of the Virgin in Medieval Christian Life and Thought (2017) is a formidable tome that has already begun to receive favorable reviews.

Recently, however, Professor Brown has been attacked as a racist and a white supremacist. Some of her critics claim she is complicit in inciting violence against her fellow professors. These accusations are calumnies. Professor Brown has argued fiercely against the invasion of social justice warriors into the field of medieval studies, where they make specious claims about the medieval past. She is also on record as writing positively about Milo Yiannopoulos. Her beliefs have provoked a host of false accusations against her character.

Professor Daniel Franke of Richard Bland College has cogently explained the accusations of racism and white supremacy: “Fulton Brown’s conservative beliefs in the value of ‘Western civilization’ have been publicly attacked since 2016 as ‘white supremacist’ by Dorothy Kim of Vassar.” Professor Brown’s “incitement to violence”? She published screenshots of Kim’s defamatory comments about her on her own blog. As Professor Franke properly concluded, “Fulton Brown’s response to Kim hardly qualifies as ‘persecution.’”

Professor Brown is in an enviable position: she has tenure, and she teaches at the University of Chicago, which is one of the stronger remaining defenders of academic freedom in American higher education. Yet although she has not lost her job, she seems unusually friendless. No institutional body has defended her scholarly reputation.

Reputational attacks might sometimes be shrugged off, but labeling an innocent person a racist or white supremacist today is the kind of reputational attack that cannot be ignored. It is a tactic used to avoid an opponent’s actual arguments and thus suppress academic and intellectual freedom. It debases the currency of scholarship and must be answered with strong affirmations of principle and attention to the facts.

The National Association of Scholars has a long history of supporting academic freedom. We also support character-based education. We also support the honor of calumnied scholars, and we want other academic institutions to defend the reputation of professors and students who have been subjected to false, shaming accusations.

NAS President Peter Wood has written public letters to four individuals who are responsible for institutions that should feel responsible for defending Professor Brown’s honor—Robert J. Zimmer (President, University of Chicago), Amanda Woodward (Dean, Division of the Social Sciences, University of Chicago), Adrian Johns (Interim Chair, Department of History, University of Chicago), and David Wallace (President, Medieval Academy of America). He calls on them to declare publicly that Professor Brown’s professional character meets the standards catalogued by the American Association of University Professors (AAUP) in its Statement on Professional Ethics. He specifically calls on them to affirm that Professor Brown has fulfilled all obligations that derive from common membership in the community of scholars, and that she has never discriminate[d] against or harass[ed] colleagues.

We ask other scholars, and members of the broader public, to join us in our support of Professor Brown, and to join us in urging, civilly and respectfully, that these four academic institutions affirm their confidence in Professor Brown’s good scholarly character. We hope that the appearance of a long list of public supporters will encourage these institutions to vindicate her.

We’ve appended the text of the Letter in Support of Rachel Fulton Brown below, and we’re also providing a link to it as a PDF.

We urge everyone who wants to be listed as a signatory of this letter to provide his or her name and institutional affiliation in this Google Docs form. We will list all signatories on a dedicated webpage, and convey that information to the University of Chicago and the Medieval Academy of America.

Please sign. Professor Brown deserves to have her reputation back.

Letter in Support of Rachel Fulton Brown


Rachel Fulton Brown, an associate professor of history at the University of Chicago’s Department of History, during the last several years has been the subject of a series of defamatory attacks.

Vigorous polemics by Professor Brown, notably her blog-posts “Talking Points: Three Cheers for White Men” (June 5, 2015) and “How to Signal You Are Not a White Supremacist” (September 14, 2017), led a large number of scholars to calumny Professor Brown as a racist, a white supremacist, and someone who has been complicit in inciting violence against her fellow professionals.

We do not think such calumnies should stand unanswered. We affirm our belief that Rachel Fulton Brown’s professional character meets the standards catalogued by the American Association of University Professors (AAUP) in its Statement on Professional Ethics ( We specifically affirm our belief that Professor Brown has fulfilled all obligations that derive from common membership in the community of scholars, and that she has never discriminate[d] against or harass[ed] colleagues. We affirm that any university, scholarly association, or other academic body should be proud to have Professor Brown as a member.

We respect and cherish the principle of institutional neutrality in scholarly disputes. Yet we do not think that principle conflicts with the duty of academic-corporate bodies to vindicate the reputation of their members when they have been falsely accused of disgraceful and unprofessional conduct. We, therefore, call on all institutions of whom Professor Brown is a member—and all institutions who object to the defamation of scholarly good character—to join us in these affirmations.

We specifically urge that public vindications of Professor Brown’s scholarly good character be made by President Robert Zimmer of the University of Chicago, Dean Amanda Woodward of the University of Chicago’s Division of the Social Sciences, Acting Chair Adrian Johns of the University of Chicago’s Department of History, and President David Wallace of the Medieval Academy of America.

We urge these institutions to consider the damage their own reputations have suffered by failing to repudiate the calumnies inflicted upon Rachel Fulton Brown. We counsel them that they can best restore their own reputations by a wholehearted vindication of her character.



Richard A. Landes, Boston University
Michael Bennett, Curry College 
Charles Lipson, University of Chicago
Florin Curta, University of Florida
Anthony Michael Esolen, Thomas More College
Jane Chance, Rice University
Bruce Gilley, Portland State University
Andrew Holt, Florida State College at Jacksonville
Stephen Basedo, Richmond University
Janice Fiamengo, University of Ottawa
Philip Carl Salzman, McGill University
Leor Jacobi, Bar-Ilan University
Patanjali Kambhampati, McGill University
Michael Rectenwald, New York University
Jeffrey R. Woolf, Bar Ilan University
Bruce Heiden, Ohio State University
Annemarie Weyl Carr, Southern Methodist University
Malynne Sternstein, University of Chicago
Jonathan Good, Reinhardt University
Prior Peter Funk, Monastery of the Holy Cross, Chicago
Richard L. Harris, University of Saskatchewan
Anthony G. Cirilla, College of the Ozarks
Michael S. Kochin, Tel Aviv University
Stephen Presser, Northwestern University
John Tangney, University of Tyumen
David Wayne Layman, York College of Pennsylvania
Micah Sample, Indiana Wesleyan University
Robert Rich, University of Rochester
Benjamin Baird, Virginia Commonwealth University
Ryan Winters, Harvard University; University of Chicago
Micheal D. McFeggan, Roosevelt University
Jay Bergman, Central Connecticut State University
Douglas W. Texter, Eastern New Mexico University - Roswell
Kevin Krahenbuhl, Middle Tennessee State University 
James Peterson, University of Alberta
Paul Halsall, Fordham University
Warren Moore, Newberry College
Laura Finsten, McMaster University
James Moran, Charité, Berlin
Thomas J. MacMaster, Morehouse College
Alyssa P. Maria, Lawrence University
Christopher Flavin, Northeastern State University
Scott Hahn, Franciscan University of Steubenville
Joseph Manson, University of California - Los Angeles
Katheryn Merriam, Norwich University
Stephen Perrott, Mount St. Vincent University, Halifax, Nova Scotia
John C. Swanson, University of Florida
Steve Weidenkoph, Christendom College Graduate School of Theology
Paul Crawford, California University of Pennsylvania
Shiru Wang, Syracuse University
Nils de Mol van Otterloo, University of Southern California
Keegan Hite, Suffolk University
Peter Suedfeld, University of Columbia
Jon Bornholdt, University of Wüzburg, Germany
Shamik Chakravarty, Lingnan University 
Matthew Neufeld, University of Saskatchewan
Alison Kaufman, University of Oregon
Clive Seligman, Western University
Daniel White, University College London
Rick Mehta, Acadia University
Steve Lupker, University of Western Ontario
Lois Lemonda Stony, Brook University
Frances Widdowson, Mount Royal University
Betsy Frisch, University of Wisconsin
Paul Anghinetti, Rhode Island College
Rachel Brewer, Cardiff University, Wales
James Whitley, Cardiff University
Richard Volkman, Southern Connecticut State University
D. Fernandez-Morera, Northwestern University
Lorne Carmichael, Queen's University at Kingston
Robert George, Princeton University
Justin Kalef, Rutgers University
Kevin R. C. Gutzman, Western Connecticut State University
M.D. Allen, University of Wisconsin-Fox Valley
Patricia Flower, Wichita State University
Francis J. Caponi, Villanova University
James Davidson, University of Exeter
Dennis Gouws, Springfield College
R.J. Stansbury, Roberts Wesleyan College
Mark Weusten, University of Toronto
David Frederick Erdman, University of Dallas
Phoebe S. Spinrad, The Ohio State University 
Barton Lane, Stanford University
Jim Rogers, Louisiana State University of Alexandria
K.W. Hipps, Washington State University
Kendall Svengalis, University of Rhode Island
Edward F. Gehringer, North Carolina State University
Stanley J. Vitton, Michigan Technological University
John gist, Western New Mexico University
Martin Andrucki, Bates College
George A. Hagedorn, Virginia Polytechnic Insitute; Virgnia State University
Keith Stanovich, University of Toronto 
Reid Derr, East Georgia State College
Maarten van Swaay, Kansas State University 
John Rivero, Syracuse University 
Henry Bleattler, The King's College, NYC
Norman S. Lillegard, University of Tennessee-Martin
Bill Williams, CUNY Hunter College
Hal R. Arkes, Ohio State University 
Kenneth B. McIntyre, Sam Houston State University
Robert L. Paquette, Hamilton College
Gabriel J. Gardner, California State University-Long Beach
James F. Guyot, City University of New York
Jonathan Katz, Washington University, St. Louis
Malcolm Sherman, State University of New York at Albany
Michael Trigoboff, Portland Community College
James Bradfield, Hamilton College
Brian F. Volkman, Medical College of Wisconsin
Heinz Klatt, King's University College, Western
Gordon E. Finley, Florida International University
John McAdams, Marquette University
Olympia B. Gonzalez, Loyola University Chicago
John Staddon, Duke University
D. Brendan Nagle, University of Southern California
Donald N. Mei, Gateway Community College
John T. Broom, Norwich University
Paul A. Rahe, Hillsdale College
David Clemens, Monterey Peninsula College
Norman Melchert, Lehigh University
Walter Block, Loyola University-New Orleans
Charles Boncelet, University of Delaware
Thomas Tacker, Embry-Riddle
Robert Benne, Roanoke College
Jame Condon, University of Virginia
John B. Wickstrom, Kalamazoo College
Micheal Potts, Methodist University
Michael Sugrue, Ave Maria University
William Porterfield, Hampden-Sydney College
David Bradshaw, University of Kentucky
David Sunding, University of California, Berkeley
Ralph M. Faris, the Community College of Philadelphia
William Kuechler, University of Nevada, Reno
Teng Li, Shanghai Normal University
Hilve Firek, Virginia Wesleyan University
James Valadez, University of Redlands
Daniel Asia, University of Arizona
Daniel Johnson, Belmont University
Derry Eynon, Colorado State University, Emeritus
Mark R. Lee, University of San Diego
John Lyon, University of Pittsburg, Retired
Archpriest Alexander F. C. Webster, Holy Trinity Orthodox Seminary, NY
Allen J. Schwenk, Western Michigan University
Stephen H. Balch, Texas Tech University
Tom Flanagan, University of Calgary
Vesselin Petkov, Minkowski Institute, Montreal, Canada
Gabor Lukacs, Dalhousie University
John Bonnett, Brok University
Silvert Thomas Ellingsen, University of Ohio
Meagan Green, University of Rochester
Rob Whitley, McGill University
M.P. McLoughlin, Kutztown University of Pennsylvania 
Ralph A. Rossum, Claremont McKenna College
Harry W. Power, Rutgers University, Emeritus
Gregg Trueman, Mount Royal University
Donald W. Swanton, Roosevelt University
B. Nelson Ong, The College of New Rochelle
Kevin H. Mcintyre, McDaniel College
Andrew Irvine, UBC Okanagan
Adam Candeub, Michigan State College of Law
John T. Warner, Clemson University
Stan Benda, Osgoode Hall Law School
Joseph Olson, Hamline University, Emeritus
Mitchel B. Langbert, Brooklyn College, City Universty of New York
Michael Kort, Boston University
Joseph Clark, Drexel University
David Potts, City College of San Francisco
Kenneth B. Chodnicki, Mt. St. Mary's University, Board of Trustees
Nancy Higgins, St. Thomas University, Fredericton NB Canada
Rodney L. Burton, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Roger Seamon, University of British Columbia
Tyler Haynes, Saginaw Valley State University
Warren Treadgold, Saint Louis University
Zachary Burno, Skyline College
Stephen Urbanski, University of Chicago
Howard M. Isaacs, Hofstra University
Jane Dobson, University of Cambridge
Jordan Goldstein, Wilfrid Laurier University
Robert S. Orr, University of Toronto
David Murrell, University of New Brunswick at Fredericton
Arthur Hill, University of Guelph
Christopher F. Armstrong, Bloomsburg University of Pennsylvania
Chani Hadad, Bar-Ilan University
Edward Fraser McArthur, Oxbridge
Joshua F. Drake, Grove City College
Pierre Desrochers, University of Toronto
William Murphy, the University of the South
Philip Backman, University of New Brunswick - Saint John
Jason Jewell, Faulkner University
Fred Baumann, Kenyon College
Serge Frolov, Sothern Methodist University
Jeffery Zucker, McMaster University 
David G. Munoz, University of Toronto
Robert Jackall, Williams College
Douglas Levene, Peking University school transnational Law
James E. Moore, II, University of Southern California
Kaare W. Strom, University of California, San Diego
Kevin G. Mullis, Northern Oklahoma College
William F. Smyth, McMaster University
Robert Heidt, Indian University Mauer School of Law, Emeritus
I.J. Makan, Saint Mary's University
Matthew Vester, West Virginia University
Thomas Figueira, Rutgers University
Jonathan Taylor, California State University - Fullerton
Thomas F. X. Noble, University of Notre Dame, Emeritus
Petr Zizler, Mount Royal University
Joanna Szurmak, University of Toronto
Curt H. Stiles, University of North Carolina Wilmington
Robert J. Tomanek, University of Iowa
Anne D. Hall, University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill
Colleen H. Hyden, Washington & Jefferson College
Philip L. Cohen, Temple University
Michael Burger, Auburn University of Montgomery
Craig Galbraith, University of North Carolina Wilmington
Fred Friedel, Bellevue College
Glenn R. Showalter, University of Virginia
David Martinez, University of Chicago
Neil Gilbert, University of California - Berkeley
Allen Shafter, San Diego State University
Winfield Sterling, Texas A&M University, Emeritus
Marco Del Giudice, University of New Mexico
Richard Shaw, Our Lady Seat of Wisdom College
Charles C. Nickerson, Bridgewater State Univesity, Emeritus
Kylie Stough, Liberty University
Dayna Plehn, University of Michigan
Michele Studt, Southeastern Missouri State University
Anne Lanute, Escoffier School of Culinary Arts
William M. Freebern, State University of New York - Canton, Emeritus
Matthew D. Wright, Biola University
Adam Kolasinski, Texas A&M University
James H. Ruhland, Texas Tech University
Marshall DeRosa, Florida Atlantic University
Alexander Mirkovik, Wayne State University
Neil McElroy, Lafayette College, Emeritus
M. Northrup Buechner, St. John's University, New York
Alexander Andrée, University of Toronto
Justin Lake, Texas A&M University
Aaron Trehub, Auburn University
Todd Hartch, Eastern Kentucky University 
David Carlin, Community College of Rhode Island
Robert Thomas Llizo, Houston Baptist University
Gleen S. Sunshine, Central Connecticut State University
Bruce A. Murray, Auburn University
Gary W. Jenkins, Eastern University
Ian Bursztyn, Fairleigh Dickinson University
Clifford A. Bates, Jr., Warsaw University, Americans Studies Center
John Mueller, University of Calgary
James Fiste, Central Michigan University
Michael Ryall, University of Toronto
Grant H. Lathrom, Missouri Southern State University 
Saul Jacka, Univerity of Warwick, England
Robert Byrnes, University of Winnipeg
Peter Y. Paik, Yonsei University
Dion Clingwall, Prefectural University of Hiroshima
Catherine C. McCall, University of Strathclyde
Ian Loveall, Texas Christian University
John F. Brehany, National Catholic Bioethics Center
Brad Spavin, School Of The Museum Of Fine Arts Boston
Teven Kerr, University of Edinburgh
Christopher Vogel, Flinders University of South Australia, Adelaide University
Erick James Augustine Chastain, University of Wisconsin, Madison
Marc de Noblet, Sorbonne University
Jon Bornholdt, University of Würzburg, Germany
M.B. Mulcahy, OP, Pontifical College Josephinum, School of Theology
Douglas D. McAbee, California State University Long Beach 
Kirby Olson, SUNY-Delhi
Roger M. Savory, University of Toronto
Torstein Buskaker, University of Bergen 
Marena Digby, Charles Darwin University
Wojciech Kujawski, Nicolaus Copernicus University
William M. Freebern, State University of New York at Canton, Emeritus
Joseph M. Perry, University of North Florida, Emeritus
Robert A. Gordon, Johns Hopkins University (ret.)
Tim Martin, Kennesaw State University
John Radzilowski, University of Alaska
Doug Smith, Douglas College
Dennis Showalter, Colorado College, Emeritus
Paul Kuzeja, Greenfield Community College
Adedoyin Teriba, Pratt Institute
Keith Cassidy, University of Guelph, Emeritus
Anthony G. Cirilla, College of the Ozarks
David Wayne Layman, York College of Pennsylvania
Carrie Nazaroff, Michigan State University College of Osteopathic Medicine 
Allan Leroy Folsom, Texas A&M University-Commerce
Alexander V. Marriot, Alvin Community College
David Schell, Montgomery County Community College
John Earl Haynes, Manuscript Division, Library of Congress
John Mueller, University of Calgary, (retired)
Susan M. Haynes, Eastern Michigan University
David Baker, University of Cambridge, UK
Victor Pisman, Odessa Polytechnic University, Ukraine
Murray Miles, Brock University
Michael P. Johnson, City University of New York (retired)
Kevin Jenkins, Mercer University
Vicki Hubert Menuge, Concordia University, Wisconsin
Rob Jenkins, Georgia State University, Permeter College
William Conte, Casper College
Rick Lott, Arkansas State University
Stewart Ethier, Universtiy of Utah
Thomas Barros, Saint Louis University
Tina Terry, Gila Community College
Lee Oser, College of the Holy Cross
James C. Coyne, University of Pennsylvania
Ronald Carson, University of Washington
Michael W. Gos, Lee College
Linda B. Nilson, Clemson University
Kenneth H. Ryesky, Queens College, City University of New York
Eileen F. Toplansky, Kean University
Micael Sentman, Manor College
Steven J. Condly, United State Military Academy
Carrie Rinker-Schaeffer, University of Chicago
Daniel Maguire, University of Alabama
Matthew J. Franck, Princeton University
Robert M. Gimello, University Of Notre Dame
Phillip Soergel, University of Maryland
Timothy Rhea Furnish, Reinhardt University
Glenn M. Ricketts, Raritan Valley Community College, New Jersey
Craig DeLancey, SUNY - Oswego
Jay L. Lenrow, Johns Hopkins University
Stephen Quilley, University of Waterloo
Paul Schonfeld, University of Maryland
Charles Connell, Cornell College, emeritus
David Bernstein, George Mason University
Aron S. Spencer, University of South Dakota
Jim Selby, Whitefield Academy
Richard Schellhammer, The University of West Alabama
Joshua Veltman, Union University
Stephen Hoffman, Hunter College CUNY
Dennis Hale, Boston College
Douglas William Walter, University of Colorado Boulder
Nancy Spalding, East Carolina University
Jeffrey E. Lacy, Shippensburg University, Emeritus
Marina Chekmareva, Rutgers New Jersey Medical School
Venkat Krishnan, Stanford University
Joe Scherrer, Washington University in Saint Louis
Alan Blankley, Samford University
J.C. Marler, Saint Louis University
Edward Dougherty, Texas A&M University
Kevin Stuart Lee, the University of Texas at Austin
Arthur W. Hunt III, The University of Tennessee at Martin
William Greene, South Texas College
Terrance B. Kearns, The University of Central Arkansas (ret.)
Nicolas H Nelson, Indiana University Kokomo, Professor Emeritus
James S. Burdo, University of Cincinnati
Dennis Marshall, Aquinas College
Norman Land, University of Missouri-Columbia
Daniel Bonevac, The University of Texas at Austin
David Deavel, University of St. Thomas
Anthony Nicastro, Williams College, Professor Emeritus
Kevin Jon Fernlund, University of Missouri - St. Louis
Raymond Taylor, Saint Xavier University
Jim Knight, University of Essex
Jacob Marszalek, University of Missouri-Kansas City
Augustine Thompson, O.P., Dominican School of Philosophy and Theology, Berkeley CA

Academic Credentials

William W. St. Clair, Jr., Massachusetts Institute of Technology, B.S.
Allison Bauman, the University of Texas at San Antonio, B.A.
Micheal J. Mitchusson, Austin College, B.A. & M.A.
Mike Brennan, York University, B.A.; University of Toronto, B.Ed.
David Randall, National Association of Scholars
Krista Sprecher, University of Charleston, M.A.
Donald L. Romack, Greenville University, B.S.
Michelle Zingarelli, B.S.
Ron Chandonia, Emory University, Ph.D.
Walter G. Pereira, Pomona College
Barbara Bradley, Indiana University, M.A.
Travis Crihfield, Southeastern Missouri State University, B.S. 
Lewis Sloter, University of Maryland, College Park, B.A.
John Cunyus, Rice University, B.A.; Texas Christian University, M.Div. 
Madeline Longhurst, University of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, B.A.
Sarah Raskin, Columbia University, Ph.D.
Barbara Kay, McGill University, M.A.
Trevor Tremaine, Concordia, B.A. 
Suzanne Scriven Vinitsky, Northwestern University, M.S.
Martha Lorraine Thompson, University of Victoria, M.A.
Sher Marie Farrell, Binghampton University, M.A.
Benjamin Weeks, University of Huddersfield, M.A.
Leanne Ross, University of British Columbia, B.A.Sc.
Denise DeArman, Queens University, Charlotte, B.A. 
Louise Callahan, University of Toronto, Hon.B.A.
Tony Lyons, Cambridge, M.A.; Manchester, Ph.D.
Samantha Payne, University of Toronto, Ph.D.
Kyle Sakai, Simon Fraser University, B.Sc. 
Jules O. Gaudreau III, University of Massachusets Amherst, B.A.
Karen Van Hook, University of California, Ph.D.
Kathryn M. Kearney, University of Toronto, B.A., M.T.S.
William Cheung, Simon Fraser University, B.A.
Micheal Tyson, National Intelligence University, M.S.; Naval Postgraduate School, M.A.
Keith Alderson, University of Chicago, Ph.D.
Micheal S. Lacy, Reading, UK, Ph.D.
Bob Cross, Royal Military College, B.Sc.
Perry C. Turchi, Providence College, M.A. 
Corinne Wasilewski, University of Western Ontario, B.Sc. 
Douglas Pedersen, University of Chicago, A.B.; University of St. Gallen, M.B.A.
Calvin Tran, New York University, M.F.A.
James Holeman, University of North Florida, M.A.
David Pasko, Ontario College of Teachers, P.A., B.Ed.
Martin Snigg, Flinders University, B.Sc.; Adelaide University, B.A.
Douglas R. Williams, Ohio University, B.S.J.; Case Western Reserve School of Law, J.D. 
James G. Cina, Loyola University, B.S.
James O'Neil, University of the State of New York, B.S. 
Pamela Clark, University of Utah, B.A.
Tiffany Yesavage, Penn State, Ph.D. 
Jonathan Ritchie, University of Aberdeen, M.A.; University of Birmingham, M.Soc.Sci.
Michael E. Downey, Loyola-Chicago, B.S.; Georgetown, Ph.D.; University of Maryland Law School, J.D.
Beverly Hajek, Franklin and Marschall College, B.A. 
Barbara Taggart, Ladycliff College, B.S. 
Simina M. Farcasiu, Princeton, A.B.; University of London, Ph.D. 
Stanley Sedore, Michigan State University College of Human Medicine, M.D., Ph.D.
J.B. Llora, University of Queensland
Scott Amis, University of Texas Arlington, B.S.
Kenneth M. Currie, The George Washington University, Ph.D. 
Robert Anderson, University of Waterloo, O.D.
Barry Jacobs, Georgetown University Law Center
Greg Wilson, Keller Graduate School of Management
Robert Smith, University of Southampton
Shelly Kennedy, University of Oklahoma
Kenneth Popp II, Saint Louis College of Pharmacy
Victor G. Caron, Bridgewater State University
Kirstin L. Wallace, John F. Kennedy School of Law; Indiana University
Jonas Lundbeck Hansen, University of Copenhagen
Jessica Bowen, University of Miami
Thomas Mirus, George Mason University 
William Cook, University of Denver
Gema Guevara, Sothern Connecticut State University
Christina Goyette, University of Nebraska - Omaha
Nicole Perry, The Evergreen State College 
Faye, Ohio University
Karen C. Bryson, University of South Carolina
Martha Lorraine Thompson, University of Victoria
Julia López, Universidad de Alcalá de Henares
Sean P. Doyle, University of Washington
Mike Jones, Millwright (George Brown College)
Grant H. Horne, Texas Christian University
Jon Mensing, University of North Texas
Irene Rosychuk, University of Calgary, B.A. B.Ed.
Matthew Dudevoir, University of Notre Dame, M.B.A.
Thomas Stratford, University of Illinois at Chicago, Ph.D.
Rafael Robert Delfin, Stanford University, Ph.D.
Anand Mukherjee, Yale, M.A.
Mary Ellen Valenzuela, Catholic Theological Union, M.A.; Loyola University Chicago, M.A.
Eric Giunta, Florida State University College of Law, J.D.
Galvin Bledsoe, Norwich University, M.A.
Beverly Breslen, Arizona State University, M.B.A.
Jamie Hill, Schoolcraft College, A.S.
Stephen Hall, University of Kansas, B.S.Ed., M.S.Ed.
C. De Melo, University of Massachusetts Dartmouth
Keither Whitaker, University of Chicago, Ph.D.
James Van Houten, Minnesota State Colleges and University, Trustee
Roger Entringer, University of New Mexico, Ph.D.
Charles Geshekter, California State University, Chico, Ph.D.
John D. Beatty, American Military University, M.A.
Stewart Reuter, Creighton University, M.B.A.
Kay Fiset, University of California-Santa Barbara, B.A.; Syracuse University, M.A.
Erik M. Hopkins, M.A. Liberty University
Oskar Lund, Georgia Southern University, B.B.A.
Linda M. Simpkins, University of Minnesota, Ph.D.
Garrett Coffey, Missouri University of Science and Technology, M.S. 
Majorie Donovan, Pittsburg State University, Kansas, Ph.D.
Leonard Billet, University of California-Los Angelas, Ph.D.
Stewart Frankel, New York University, M.B.A.
David G.D. Hecht, Columbia University, A.B., M.I.A.
David B. Smart, Vanderbilt University, M.A.
David B. McGuigan, University of Massachusetts, Ph.D.
Matthew E Cavanaugh, University of Chicago, M.B.A.
Robert Spaulding, Arizona State University, M.S.
Jonathan Towers, Yale University, B.A.
Benjamin Cyrus, Jr., Holy Trinity Orthodox Seminary, M.Div.; University of North Florida, M.A.
Lynn Werner, Arizona State University, Ph.D. 
Lori Simonson, M.A. Roberts Wesleyan
Lisa L. Rochefort, M.S., Nova Southeastern University
John Rausch, B.A., Bates College
John Kersh, B.B.A., Strayer
Teresa E. Lynch, B.A. Southern Methodist University; M.A., Indiana University; M.Phil., New York University
Nancy Knight, B.A., Wheaton College
Mandy Albert, Ph.D., Cornell University
Louis Michael Galie, B.S., M.S., University of Chicago
Gary Summers, Ph.D., Northwestern University
Jackson Quick, B.A., University of North Florida
Rev. Gage Rewerts, M.A.C.L., M.Div., Asbury Theological Seminary; B.A. University of Northern Iowa
Jonathan Ward, B.A., University of Southern California
Dan Costello, M.I.B., University of Wollongong
Kevin M. Rodriquez, M.T.S., The Methodist Theological School in Ohio
Ide Trotter, Ph.D., Princeton
Paul Banducci, B.S., Oklahoma Christian University
Lisa D.S. Bildy, B.A., J.D., Western University
Jack L. Edwards, Ph.D., York University 
Erin Miles, Ph.D., Indiana University
Joseph D. Kulsics, B.A., University of Chicago
Thomas F. Kroenke, B.A., M.A., National University
Andrew Hodgman, B.A., Harvard College
Leonardo Jordao, Ph.D., University of Western Ontario
Tim Wilder, B.A., University of Texas
M. Sutcliffe, B.Mus. Griffith University of Australia
Henry P. Wickham, Jr., A.B., Kenyon College, M.A., University of Toronto, J.D. University of Dayton
Michael Horowitz, M.A., Binghamton University
Aung Zin Phyo Thein, B.A. Durham University; M.A. Candidate, University of Nottingham
Evida Fenster, M.A., Hebrew University of Jerusalem
C.J. Luzhak, B.S., Boston University 
Kristofer E. Larsen, B.A., B.Ed., Acadia; B.A., Waterloo
Kathleen White, P.G.D., University of Wales Trinity, St. David
W. Michael Murphy, M.A., University of Iowa
Karen Wilson, B.A., Laurentian University
Sheryl Valentiner, B.A., Arizona State University
Donald W. Campbell, B.S., College of William and Mary
Christy Clinton, B.A., Indiana University
Nancy D. Hall, B.A., DePaul University
Robert Osburn, Ph.D., University of Minnesota
Lisa Hauge, J.D., Texas Tech University
Todd Bulgarino, B.A., University of Tennessee - Knoxville
Dan Lubrich, Ph.D., Oxford University
Grant A. Brown, B.A., M.A., University of Waterloo; D.Phil. Oxford University; LL.B., University of Alberta
Larry Carlson, Ph.D., University of California - Berkeley
Cody Gough, B.A., Drake University
Daniel Read, M. Phil, University of Birmingham
Andrew Tomsky, B.S., Dundee University
Christopher Hill, Ph.D., University of Texas
Earmon McManus, B.A., University of Toronto
Miriam C. Davis, Ph.D., University of California, Santa Barbara
David F. Bedey, Ph.D., University of Alaska Fairbanks
Joan Donovan, M.A., Brooklyn College
Dan Tobias, Ph.D., University of Illinois
Richard Sypher, Ph.D., Northwestern University
Dorthy Codington, M.A., Brandeis University; M.L.I.S., Simmons School of Library Information Science
Denver Britto, M.S., Ph.D. Candidate, University of Auckland
Steve Jolivette, Ph.D., University of California - Irvine
Thomas Goodhead, M.A., University of Oxford; M.Phil., University of Cambridge
Marc Santucci, B.A., Villanova University; M.B.A., George Washington University
Christina Helms, B.A. Oberlin; M.A., M.Phil., Columbia University
Gayla S. Epure, M.Ed., Xavier University
Carrie L. Barnes, B.S., University of Alabama
Gessi Boyd, B.A., Montreat College
Robert Hayes, B.S., University of Colorado
Linda Wieczorek, B.S., University of California - Berkeley
W. Michael Murphy, M.A., University of Iowa
Desiree Cera, B.A., National University
Andrew Gilchrist, B.A. Queen's University; B.Ed. Nipissing University
Aleph Beth, Royal Institute of Naval Architects
Simi Oludare, B.S., Georgia Institute of Technology
Barbara Scott, B.A., B.Ed., University of Toronto
J. Ambrose Little, B.A., Oral Roberts University
Christine B. Fernandez, A.D., Delgado College
Gary Richard, Loyola University
R. Andrew Newman, M.A., University of Wyoming; M.A., University of Nebraska, Omaha; M.A., John Paul the Great Catholic University 
Patricia McDonald, M.D., Columbia College of Physicians and Surgeons
Amanda Lynn, B.S., St. Gregory's College
Lisa Bloomquist, B.A., Whittier College
Darren See, B.S., State University of New York - Jamestown
Beth Baumhardt-Frisch, B.F.A., School of the Art Institute; B.S., M.S., University of Wisconsin
Linda A. Sharp, M.A., D.M.A., University of Iowa; M.Div., Regent University School of Divinity
Lindsey Rendon, B.S., University of Texas Rio Grand Valley
Adrian Theirry, M.A., Bridgewater State University
Steven Stone, B.L. University of Birmingham
Carolyn Gibbs, M.A., Alamance Community College
Shalen Lewis, B.S., University of Texas at San Antonio
Suzanne Western, B.A., Felician College
Dorothy Judith Mahony, LL.B., University of Western Australia
Anna James, B.A., Southwestern University of Visual Arts
Michael G. O'Donnell, A.A., City Colleges of Chicago
Mary M. Van Dusen, J.D., University of Notre Dame
Russ Tattersall, M.I.R., Queen's University 
Rebecca Gora, B.M., University of Tasmania
Lynn Monje, B.S., Northwestern University
Connie G. Sanjuan, B.S., Loyola University 
Barbara E. Hopkins, B.A., Harding University
David Gardner, M.A., Northern Michigan University
Ryan E. Droste, Ph.D., Johns Hopkins University
Karine Tovmassian, M.A., Monterey Institute of International Studies
Warren Strange, Clemson University
Michelle L. Wall, J.D., Iowa University - Indianapolis
Jos. Randall Byrd, B.S., North Carolina State University; M.B.A., Wake Forest University
Alix Fremd Prete, B.A., Colgate University
James Holmes, M.S., Indiana University
Michael J. Greer, B.A., University of Florida
Dorothy Graham, B.A., M.L.S., University of California
Jackie Morton, B.Ed., Charles Sturt University, Australia
Ryan Watson, B.A., University of Lethbridge
Lisa Chesnut, B.A., Boise State University
Michael Durkin, B.A., Georgetown University
Robert B. Swick, B.S., University of Connecticut
Joan Scott, A.A., University of Maryland
Dylan Arruda, B.A., Fitchburg State University
Michael Thorson, B.S., University of Wisconsin - Madison
Suzanne Sangiorgo, B.A., M.S.Ed., City University of New York
June Copening Pysto, B.A., Colorado College - Colorado Springs
Nadira Karunaratne, B.Eng., University of Queensland
Mark S. Swanson, M.A., Long Island University
Phil Desaulniers, B.A., McGill
J. Jeffrey, B.A., University of Calgary
Jethro Craig, B. A., University of Massachusetts at Dartmouth
John Becker, M.B.A., University of Minnesota
Mary Lou Fuenzalida, Music Education, Loyola University
Adam Ovesenm M.A., University of Copenhagen
John Adel, M.A., University of Texas
Carole Sayer, B.A., University of Cincinnati
Mateusz Buczko, M.C., Swinburne University of Technology
Pamela Clark, B.A., University of Utah
Henry Zarb, B.A., M.A., Cambridge
Own Hughes, A.B., Dartmouth College; M.A., Oxford University; J.D., Yale Law School
Vida Lake, B.A., Angelo State University
Leah Cadore, B.A., Angelo State University
Andrea Christina Boardman, M.A., University of San Francisco
Anne Laute, CEPC, Escoffier School of Culinary Arts
Scott Dalton, B.A., William Blue College of Design 
Morris Prendergast, B.A., University of Adelaide
Andrey Kamenov, Ph.D., Moscow State University
Ann Hency, B.S., Western Michigan University
Marc Partridge, M.R., Plymouth University
Adrian Vindas, B.S.A., Universidad Latinoamericana de Ciencia y Tecnología
Christopher Moutafis, B.A., University of Sydney; M.Ed., University of Technology Sydney
Matthew C. Pettefer, J.D., New York Law School
James Hobson, B.Sc., University of Hull
James Richards, B.A., East Bay University
Josh Whitley, B.Sp.L.S., University of Wakato - New Zealand
Scott Paine, B.A., The University of Newcastle; Dip.Ed., Griffith University
Jamie Young, B.Sc., University of Glasgow
James Smith, B.S., Queensland Unviersity of Technology
Grace F. Woods, B.S., West Liberty University
Gregory Scott, A.A.S., Bridge Valley
Trina Schmidt, Ed.D., Vanderbilt
Mike Weiss, M.B.A., Crummer School of Business at Rollins College
Stu Agranoff, A.A., University of Phoenix
Matthew James, B.A., Universiti Sains Malaysia
Joseph Palos, M.A., University of Chicago
Christina Morgan, LL.B., LL.M., Helsinki University
Johan Bjurstam, M.A., Ghent University
Kimberly Scott, B.A., University of Wisconsin
Michael Russell, Ph.D., Washington State University
Lucas Santacruz, B.A., Sao Paulo School of Business Administration- Fundação Getulio Vargas
Terri Jamison, B.S.N., Capella University 
Cole Noble Ellenbogen, B.A., Syracuse University
J. Crutis Kovacs, M.D., University of Chicago
Candice Lozano, M.Ed., Western Kentucky University
Feliks Jerzy Kwiatowski, B.L., University of Bristol
Renee Dunkle, CMA, Bryant & Stratton College
Diane Williams Giordana, B.A., Quinnipiac University
Nathaniel Brown, B.A., Western Kentucky University 
Aysha Besher, B.A., Temple University
Jann A. Deane, B.A., Wayne State University
Denise K. Kelley, B.A., DePaul University
Jeffrey Francis, B.A., University of South Florida
Walter L. Phillips, M.B.A., Park University
Eric M. Walusis, B.F.A., Ohio State University
Brandon Phares, B.A., Southeastern Louisiana University
Elizabeth Salisbury, B.F.A., California Institute of the Arts
Susan Willardson, M.B.A., University of Utah
Sean Smith, B.A., Georgetown University
Franklin Chung, M.A., University of California at Santa Barbara
Leonard H. Casillas, M.S., California State University, Dominguez Hills
Kelly R. Elliott, M.B.A., University of Houston, Clear Lake
Dale Quezada, M.A., University of California, Los Angeles
Peter Eisenhauer, B.A., Syracuse University
Kate Rael, B.A., Muhlenberg College; J.D., Candidate, Brooklyn Law School 
Nicholas Stuckart, B.A., University of Wisconsin Milwaukee
Michael S. Lacy, Ph.D., University of Reading 
Leah Kostiuk, B.A., St. Gregory's University
Christopher Riley, University of Pennsylvania
Jessica Sewell, M.A., Loyola University, Chicago
John Patton-Moffett, B.S., University of California, Irvine
Miriam Jaworski, B.A., University of Chicago
Jeffrey Whelchel, B.A., University of Georgia
Paul e. Wentworth, A.A.S., SUNY - Adirondack
Steven C. Ellis, B.S., Massachusetts Institute of Technology; M.S., Stanford University
Claus Thomas Nielsen, Ph.D., Aarhus University, Denmark
Frederick J. Salek, J.D., Michigan Law School
Brendan Pike, University of Houston
Dave Seng, M.A., MLIS, University of Arizona
David Hutchinson, B.S., Palm Beach Atlantic University
Tony McIntosh, Ohio University 
Kay Motley, B.A., Texas Christian University
David Calvani, B.A., Syracuse University
Joseph Cottral, B.A., University of Chicago
Kristen Gonel, B.A., University of North Carolina, Charlotte
John Moran, B.S., University of Queensland, Australia
Tracie Morris Easler, B.F.A., Convers College
Ross R. Kay, B.S., Rice University 
James Cruz, B.A., M.Ed., Brock University
Simone Smit, B.A., University Fraser Valley
Joseph M. Isenberg, B.A., B.S., M.S., Iowa State University of Science and Technology; J.D., University of Iowas College of Law
Tasha Waterhouse, C.Vet., Technical and Further Education, New South Wales
Stantiago M. Gonzales, M.B.A., University of New Mexico
Ron Urzedowski, B.A., California State, San Bernardino
Christopher DeGroot, M.A., University of Maine 
Felix Yelin, B.A., University of Pennsylvania; J.D., Temple University Beasley School of Law
Kevin C. Killion, M.B.A., University of Chicago
Todd Klimson, B.A., University of Florida
Jon Schell, B.S., University of California San Diego
Robert Fulton, Ph.D., The University of Texas Austin
Barry Jones, M.A., Hewlett Packard
Amy Zaleski, B.S., Lehigh University
James Kalb, B.A., Dartmouth College, J.D., Yale Law School
Rev. George Naylor, M.Div., Concordia Seminary St. Louis
Kevin Johnston, J.D., Gonzaga University School of Law
David Lingner, B.A., Augustana College
Stephen Phelan, M.A., Franciscan University
Dan E. Phillips, M.D., Emory University School of Medicine
Hamille Chou, Ph.D. Student, Princeton Theological Seminary
Daniel L. Wright, B.S., Amridge University
Sean Ollech, B.A., University of Northern British Columbia
Lisa Nichola, Ph.D., University of Dallas
Rev. Jay Watson, B.A., M.Div., J.D., Pastor of Sugsburg Lutheran Church, Shawnee, KS
Ivette R. Fantasia, M.A., Brown University 
Donald L. Womick, B.S., Western Carolina University
Rev. Robert Wurst, Jr., M.Div., Concordia Theological Seminary
Fabio Paolo Barbieri, B.A., University of London
James Finigan, M.A., University of New Brunswick
Daniel Sharpe, M.S., Georgia Institute of Technology
Manual Ocampo, B.F.A., University of the Philippines
Julie Ponzi, M.A., Claremont University; Editor of American Greatness
Andrew C. MacDonald, B.A., St. Francis Xavier University
Petre Cătălin Logofătu, Ph.D. National Institue for Laser, Plasma, and Radiation Physics
Ashala Faircrest, B.A., Ashford Unversity
Ivan Steward, M.Env., University of Melbourne; B.Sc., B.Com., University of Auckland
Curtis Wilken, Ph.D., Ball State University
Stephen Renico, B.A., Saginaw Valley State University
Robert Mosby, M.A., University of Virginia
Arun Menon, B.A., Sree Kerala Varma College Thrissur
Mark Helme, B.A., Ph.D., University of Oxford
Candace E. Ware, B.A., University of Maine
Sage San Martin, B.A., Westmont College, University of Chicago
Gerry Bowler, Ph.D., King's College, London
Andrew Seary, Ph.D., Fraser University
Duncan Butlin, Manchester University
Lynda Endsley, B.S., Oklahoma University of Arts and Science
Damian Gennette, M.Div., Tacoma Counseling for Men
Jason Power, M.B.A., Valparaiso University 
Julie Sommers, A.D.N., Purdue University; B.S.N. and M.S.N., Valparaiso University
Robin Tropper, M.A.Sc., B.Ed., University of Ottawa; B.Mus. McGill University
Ben Pitre, B.A., Louisiana State University; M.B.A., University of California, Los Angeles
Leszek Lemanek, B.S., San Diego State University
Diana Mary Sitek, B.A., University of Adelaide
Michael Meo, M.S., Caltech; M.A., University of California at Berkeley
Colleen Frost, B.S., Western Governors University
Ogden Gavanski, M.A., M.F.A., University of British Columbia
Catherine Jenkins, B.A., Sheffield Hallam Uni Glam
John Patrick Creedon, B.S., State University of New York
Dee Dee Vicino, M.A., Duke University
Lynne F. Schatz, B.S., Cornell University; M.B.A., University of Chicago; M.S.T., DePaul University
J. Barbash, M.A., City University of New York
Richard P. Anderson, M.D., University of Connecticut
Christopher Boyd, Ph.D., University of Melbourne
Amy MacKinnon, M.A., Christendom College; S.T.B., Dominican House of Studies
Garrett Perks, B.S., Humboldt State University
Alexis Fama, B.A., The Ohio State University
William Ogle, Ph.D., University of Chicago
Roberto Soria, Ph.D., Chinese Academy of Sciences
Matthew Nickerson, A.B., University of Chicago
M.F. Thaanum, M.B.A., University of Southern California; M.Div., University Dubuque
John Wolstencroft, Ph.D., University College, London
John Albritton, B.B.A., Texas Christian University; M.B.A., Baylor University
Christopher Sabo, D.E.C., John Abbott College
Dale Hughes, P.Eng., University of Victoria
Mariellen Gallaher, B.A., Harvard; Radcliffe
Alyssa Wolbers, B.A., Baylor University 
Augustinas Gudaitis, M.D., Vilnius University, Lithuania 
Cindy Demerino, Michigan State University
Eva Alessia, M.D., Midwestern University-Chicago College of Osteopathic Medicine
Mark Mitchell, M.S., University of Georgia
Matthew Loggins, M.P.W., University of Southern California
Andrew Dang, A.A., College of the Canyons; B.S., University of California, Los Angeles
Tyler Martin, B.Eng., Mohawk College
Pamela Hanford, M.A., California State University
Roberta May, M.L.S., University of Wisconsin-Madison
Stephen Bader, B.A., University of Nebraska
Brandon Morin, B.S., Grand Canyon University
Andrew Joseffer, CUNY-CCNY
Dee Hess, M.S.N., Wyane State University
Christine Gallion, Ohio State
Nancy O'Dell Merwin, B.A., Bowling Green State University
Sandra Stierman, Medical Laboratory Technician, American Society for Clinical Pathology
Lori Craig, B.S.N., University of North Carolina - Wilmington
James Kohagen, B.A., Sierra Nevada College
Chris Mason, B.S.N., Indiana University
Michelle ComesLast, Ph.D., Bastyr University; LPN Nurse, Pacific Northwest University
John Love, University of Chicago
Santiago Gonzales, Pharm.D., University of New Mexico
April Hall, Kilgore College
Johnathan Bradshaw, B.S., Carleton University
Kasper Nijhoff, B.A., M.A., Rijksuniversiteir Groningen
Cynthia Mikulich, University of Arizona
Zuzana Polachova, University of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences Brno
Malik Metcalfe, University of Manchester
Janine Burns, DRS, Emerson Theological Institute
Michael Stout, B.A., DePauw University
Moussa H. Nijmeh, B.S., George Fox University
Mark Sebanc, B.A., M.A., University of Toronto
Leslie Demchenko, J.D., George Washington University
John Carter, M.A., University of South Carolina
Carol Kneppel, B.S., California State University
Louis Mauriello, B.S., St. Johns University 
Carl Obremski, B.S., Purdue University
Shehzad Ali, B.S., University of Peshawar
Rafael Alessndro Romo, B.S.A., Università di Cagliari
Stephen Morrissey, M.A., McGill University
Paul Martin, B.A., York University
Alice Zentz, B.A., University of Dallas
Denise DeArman, Queens University
Tory Lamore, B.S., University of St. Joseph
Jefferson Kaduvinal Abraham, M.B.A., IIM Bangalore
Denise Klaske, B.A., Kansas State University 
Kenneth Popp II, R.Ph., P.I.C., B.S.Pharm., Saint Louis College of Pharmacy
Christopher Lee, B.A., Texas State University, M.A., University of Houston - Clear Lake
William S. Woods, J.D., Claremont McKenna College; M.L.T., Leventhal School of Accounting at the University of California; Golden State University
Katya Permiakova, B.Sc., University of Ottawa; M.S., Stanford University; J.D., York University - Osgoode Hall Law School
Lee Coggin, Samford University; J.D., University of Dayton School of Law
Jim Sauer, D.A., Eastern University
Erin Miles, B.S., Indiana University Bloomington; Psy.D., HSSP, Illinois School of Professional Psychology, Schaumburg Campus; Fort Wayne Neuropsychology
Mark R. Zuccolo, Ph.D., Pepperdine University
Chris Mullen, B.A., Boston College
Michelle Wall, J.D., Indiana University, Robert H. McKinney School of Law
James B. Eckman, Jr., M.D., University of Louisville School of Medicine; Baptist Health Louisville
David Solway, University of Debrecen
Rabbi Daniel Sayani, Biala Yeshiva Or Kedoshim 
Juliana Wellman, B.S., Oral Roberts University 
Daved Driscoll, B.A., Carroll College, M.F.A., Wichita State University
Amy Falstrom, M.F.A., Indiana University-Bloomington
Wilson H. Carroll, A.B., Harvard University 
Richard Knapp, Ohio State University
Christopher Hastings, M.S.C., San Diego State University
Carl H. Sobocinski, Ph.D., University of Toledo
Sean Strasburg, B.C.L, Oxford; Ph.D., Princeton University; J.D., Yale Law School
Louise van Vliet, Dietitian, Queens College, Glasgow, Scotland
William Pullen, B.A. History Eastern Washington University; B.A.Ed, Eastern Washington University; MA Lesley University
Rosalie Calhoun, B.S., Cal State University East Bay 
Roger W. Barnett, A.B. Brown University, M.A., Ph.D. University of Southern California
William L. Brown, Ph.D., Michigan State University
John Moon, B.S.E., University of Michigan
Richard Satterfield, B.S.E.E., Georgia Tech
Gary Baldridge, M.A., Emporia State University
Grant Giles, B.Ed., University of Regina
Victor A. Slayman, B.A., Gettysburg College; M.A., MDiv, Lutheran Theological Seminary
David S. Bensema B.S., Troy University
Patti Knuth, Ph.D., University of Washington
Ann Reese Holder, B.A., University of Alabama; M.L.S., University of Alabama
John Spadora, J.D., St. John's University
Armando Simon, Ph.D
Geoff Hoppe, B.A., Notre Dame; M.A., University of Virginia
Edwin J. Pole II, B.S.E.S, Florida State University; Apollo 11 Launch Team
Christi Cummins, A.A., Hillsborough Community College
Thomas Rose, LL.M, M.S.L., Wilfrid Laurier University
Anthony J. DeBaso, B.A., Brooklyn College
Jay Gardner, B.A., University of Georgia
Victor Edwards, B.S., Auburn University Montgomery
Paul Brunett, B.F.A., Pratt University
William Suits, B.A., Boston University, M.A., University of Connecticut
Ronald Grant Nutter, Ph.D., Central Methodist University 
Anthony Beaton, Ph.D., Griffith University
Malcolm Widness, B.A., College of Wooster
Rodger Morrow, B.A. Yale University
Alec Solomita, B.A. Amherst College; A.B.D, Princeton University
Troy Costlow, B.S., B.A., University of Indiana at Urbana-Champaign; M.S., M.B.A., DePaul University
Grahm Reeves, M.A., TESOL, Michigan State University
Peter Cohee, Ph.D., University of Colorado
Malcolm A. Kline, University of Scranton, Accuracy in Academia
Louis Marano, Ph.D., University of Florida
R. Cargill Hall, B.A., Whitman University; M.A., San Jose University; National Reconnaissance Office
Stephen Basdeo, Ph.D., Leeds Trinity University
William Davis, B.A., Geneva College
Brian J Colaluca M.S., Hood College
Joseph P Janosek, DDS, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio; FACP
Charles Reichardt, Ph.D., University of Michigan; Los Alamos National Laboratories 
Jason T. Powers, B.S.I.E., Purdue University; M.B.A., Valparaiso University
Tyler Lange, M.A., Ph.D., University of California, Berkeley
Vincent W. Uher III, B.A., Rice University; M.Div., Virginia Theological Seminary 
Mark Thompson, B.A., Columbia University
Eric McAfee, B.A., Northwestern University; MCP, University of Pennsylvania; MDesS, Harvard University
Graham Peterson, M.A. Sociology, University of Chicago
Peter Norris, M.Sc., Lund University Sweden
Robert Stewart, B.A., Midwestern State University
Leslie Weis, B.A., J.D., University of Southern California
Devin B. Coldren, B.S., University of Phoenix 
Mark Habert, B.A., Loyola University New Orleans
Jennifer Whelan Nolan, MSLIS, Wayne State University
Kelly Madden, Ph.D., University of York 
Joseph Holmes, B.A. The King's College
Philip A. Clark, M.A., Stanford University
C. Brett Haywood, B.A., Brown University
Conor Little BA, University of Georgia
John M Bagwell II, B.S., MBA, Auburn University
David Cryder, B.S., University of Illinois
Edwin Frank Schaeffer III, B.S. Princeton University
Francis X Meane, A.B., Notre Dame; J.D., Harvard Law
Debby Hyatt, B.A. University of California Los Angeles
Max Groves, B.S., Georgia Tech
Gregory West, M.D. M.D., University of Utah
Sara Graf B.A., Florida State University
Peter Fee, J.D., UC Davis; M.A. Binghamton University
Susan Aiello, M.A., Lesley University
Beverly Moore, M.S., University of Memphis
Claudia Sala, L.L., Universita di Milano
Carol Iannone, Ph.D. SUNY Stony Brook
Joseph Dominici, M.S.N., Medical College of Georgia
Katherine Kersten, M.A., Yale University
Gailon Totheroh, B.A., University of Arizona; M.A., Regent University
Joseph Herbert, B.S. Miami Univ.; JD Univ. of Toledo
Cameron Byers, B.S., University of Arkansas
Kirsten Edwards, B.S. College of William & Mary; M.L.S., San Jose State University
Mark A. Voelker, Ph.D., University of Arizona
Chaplain (LTC) John Morales, MDiv Regent Univ, ThM SEBTS (US Army)
Nicholas Porritt, J.D., University of Chicago
Roy Moran, M.A., University of Chicago
Craig Neumeier, B.A., University of Chicago; M.A., University of Minnesota
Jack Calder, B.A., University of Chicago
Brandon Shutt, B.A, University of Tennessee
Connie Brewer, M.A. California State University Fullerton
Jeffrey Bonn, B.S., University of Pittsburgh
Pamela St. Clair, Smith College, B.A., Southern Connecticut State University, M.A., Vermont College, M.F.A
Balbino Cotarelo Núñez, University of Oviedo, M.Sc.
Glenn Elliott, B.S., Regents College USNY, (now Excelsior College)
Dan Benton, B.A., California State University at Fullerton
Scott Wolf, M.D., George Washington University
Joan Furlong, ASLA, B.A. Smith College, M.L.A., Harvard University G.S.D.
Kyle Pavlicek, B.A., Kennesaw State
Simon Kingsley, B.A. Hons., University of Leeds
Maryanne May Lukomski, B.I.T., Australian Catholic University, North Sydney
Richard Palmerston, MBA, Wharton
Gary Futral, B.S., University of South Carolina
David Fleissig, J.D., University of Michigan
Roger S. Cohen, Ph.D., U of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Patrice Karr Cohen, Ph.D., U of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Mechan Barclay, B.A., York University
Marshall Mac Euen, B.A., Western Kentucky University 1978
Jack Jalove, MBA, Northeastern Illinois
Albert Wrigglesworth, A.D., Providence University College
Robert Woodrow, M.A., M.Div., D.Min., Abilene Christian University

Concerned Laypeople

Kelly Dowling
Kari Sobisky, USMC
Jane Walker
Laura Sealey, Scenes By Sealey Professional Photography 
David Payton, Journeyman Machinist
Shiela Hanlon 
Jane Johnston 
Julie O'Connell 
Andrea Austin, University of Chicago student
Carl Yaeger
Amanda Thompson Registered Nurse
Jim Aloye, Entrepreneur 
Henry JB Dick, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
Nelson Dawson, Kentucky Historical Society
Constance Faucher Perry, Owner of Turnabouts Home Decor 
Robert Cooley, Parent of Marion University student
Victoria Bloom Small, Business Owner
Elaine Morgan
Julia Dunn Mosby, Undergraduate at Princeton University
Kirk Pacenti 
Terry Crane, Painter of Religious Art
Fernanda Takitani, History Teacher 
Elizabeth M. Ogden 
Ron Nelson 
Jessica Sefranek, Childhood Psychology student
Cheryl Tregilgas 
Jacob Roberson
Steven Owen, Minister
Shevia Cornett, RN Registered Nurse
Pam Lewis 
Paul R., Social Worker
Amiee Morgan
Jim Blaney, Accounting
Don Chaffins 
Marybeth Weber
James Morrissette 
Sandra Snyder
Lori Valdez
Justin Lindsey
Thomas Shane Patton, Principal Software Architect
Liz Ramsey, Real Estate Broker
Cheri Gavasto
Shawn A. Alladio 
Linda Austin, Registered Respiratory Therapist
Ledia Vahle 
Sonya Zuniga  
Cassidy Games 
Ross Walters, Studying for B.A.
Laraine Chavez, B.S.
Shannon L Jones, Nursing
Tom Vacchio 
Kara Berg 
Sarah Hanviriyapunt, RiverReader
Michele Portolese  
William Downs, Entrepreneur
Steven Larkin, Technical College
Carrie Crockatt, Artist
Kari Greenlee 
Linda Hagen Mooney
Jean Bowman 
Sandra Baker Assemi, Classica Musician
Larisa Biyuts, Queer Fiction Author
Thomas Stewart, B.S., University of Sydney, Current Student
Noelle Rooney 
Ben Rothke Nettitude
Mary Perando 
Peter Conijn, Solution Developer, Dysel BV
Daniel Lewis,  Aerospace Engineer
Kim Nyholm Datanom
Margaret Bolton, Animial care tech/ horse trainer
Amanda Grenier 
Christine Lewis 
Soraya Bradley, Artist
Robert Mandujano, Tradesman 
Kseniya Korinets, Student, Moscow City Teachers' Training University
Michael Nerone 
Kelli Palmgren 
Karhy A. Edmonston, Registered Nurse
Debbie Colton Miller, Registered Practical Nurse
Joy Merrill Fellow 
Avinash S Kumar, Lovely Professional University, India.
Adam Ealey 
Matt Johnson, Professional Certification
Ronald Ford 
Michael Hill
Zachary Lasater 
Sean M. Brooks, Ph.D. Partners In Learning
Susan Newman Blake, Artist
Ross Brown 
Adam Tabor, Student, UC Santa Barbara
Robert Andrews 
Audrey Zhao, China Capital Ventures
Daniel Hoch 
Gregory Stell 
Max Pierson, Truth Seeker Generale
Aaron Storch, Software Development Manager
Dan Russell 
Heather Borland, Accounting
Michael L. Plog, USMC
Mark Ague Memorial 
Erik Cooper,  Brandman University student 
Kathleen Hoffman-Tripp, Aviation
Bill Lewis,
Chip Lambert 
Stephen Dennis Cole
Carolyn G. De Raad 
Jeffrey R Scarangella, Libertarian
Alon Reininger Photojournalist, Contact Press Images, N.Y
John FitzGerald, Clavis Magister Instructional
Fr. William Mouser Rector, St. Athanasius Anglican Church, Waxahachie, Texas
Sandra Embry, Midwife
Peter E. Gallaher, Drug Enforcement Administration, Special Agent, Retd.
Beth Ann Warren, Stay at home Mother
Earl Robinson, Retired police officer
Darleen Lev, Pratt Institute 
Robyn Gibson, Home Educator 
C. R. Wiley, Member of the Academy of Philosophy and Letters
Virginia Ross 
Lars Hellmund, Church Historian 
Edward A.W. Stengel, Veritas Scholars Academy
Gerald Hunt, Teacher
Corey Doherty 
Tony Moclair, Private citizen 
Jim Berman 
Dennis OBrien, CEO, OBrien Investigations, NJ
Jerome Stawarski 
Roel Meddens
Valerie Miles-Capolongo, Financial Professional NY, NY
Erin Siracuse,  Stay at home Mother
Carolyn Sheean,  International Consultant 
John O'Donnell
Stephen Fox, Sculptor
Charles Starks, Ed.D., Fairwinds Institute
Mark Graham 
Peter Simard  
Conor Magerr, an engineering student, Rowan University
Cheri Foster, Medical Coding Specialist at Swedish Medical Group
Micheal Tyson
Tracy Tucciarone
Terry Quinn
Victoria El Ouassil
Caroline Agler
Mark Shelton 
Fernando Pires
William D. Zerbe
Teri Frazier
Rebecca Goldberg
Jacob Crawford
Ilia Rodov
Eric Bergerud
Suha Voelker
Amanda Way
Rev. Robin Collins
John Eddy
Robert Hill
Donna Fabb
Edith Watkins
Rebeca Syma
Gloria Christian
Rachel Ross
Jill Martin
Sue Clark
Joseph Young
Mike Wheeler
Paige Turner
Phil Bauman
Theodore Edelman
Eric Holp
Rose Dula
Hamilton-Lucas Sinclair (Jacques Renaud), Poet, Writer, Blogger
Stephen J. Brouillard, Technologist and Futurist
Noelle de Lioncourt
Denise Heupel
Michael Richards, MD
Alaina Toledo​
David Jensen
Chad Jessup

(New signatures will be added at the close of business each day, EST. You may sign the letter here. Please keep all comments civil.)

Photo: By Chance Layton // All rights reserved 

Allan Folsom

| August 16, 2018 - 2:34 PM

I am signing in support of Dr. Rachel Brown and all who take the discipline of history seriously. Academic freedom is critical to the success of National interest.

Allan Folsom
Msgt USAF. Retired
Current graduate student
Masters of history
Texas A&M University-Commerce

Jacob Crawford

| August 16, 2018 - 3:30 PM

From one historian and teacher to another, I stand with Prof.Brown.

Denise DeArman

| August 16, 2018 - 3:46 PM

Professor Rachel Fulton Brown has been horribly maligned by others in her field, as well as slandered.  Friends of Rachel Fulton Brown have been falsely accused as well. This type of sordid behavior on the part of so-called ‘professionals’ is beyond contempt and worse, these ‘educators’ are influencing the young minds of tomorrow’s leaders.  It is, quite frankly, horrifying that people like these, who wrote and signed a letter demanding Fulton Brown’s firing, are allowed to go their way with no responsibility for their actions, no official review regarding their actions, etc.

Pamela Hanford

| August 16, 2018 - 5:14 PM

I proudly add my name to the list of those who support Rachael Fulton Brown.  The attacks on her character and her scholarship have been unconscionable.

Pamela Hanford
MA, English Litrature
California State University

Michael Tyson

| August 16, 2018 - 5:15 PM

I support academic, hell, all freedom. Professor Brown is not a racist.

Denise DeArman

| August 16, 2018 - 7:55 PM

Alum of Queens University

Henry Viget

| August 16, 2018 - 8:47 PM

Ad hominem attacks on Prof Brown to not make a cogent argument to refute her scholarly work. We must not rewrite history to fit a politically correct narrative.

Troy Wolfe

| August 16, 2018 - 10:34 PM

I am a successful entrepreneur and alumini of UofC and SAIT. The way post secondary instituions have slid in to activism, clamped down in free speech, and away from evidence based science tells me to plan an education program for my kids that excludes universities.

Tracy Tucciarone

| August 17, 2018 - 12:46 AM

I stand firmly with Dr. Brown and find what’s being done to her outrageous. This professor hasn’t done anything to warrant what’s being done to her by colleagues so taken with critical theory and racialized politics that they’ve thrown basic human decency out the window. Calumny, slander, libel, attempts to compel Dr. Brown’s speech, the formation of a network of ideologically driven gossips who function as an academic version of some elementary school “Mean Girls” club—to witness this nonsense is to weep. “Ewww, you’re friends with Milo, so we don’t want to hang out with you!” “We said ‘Simon Says’ and you didn’t jump!” Deep. Very mature. And it must be very inspiring to all the young people watching this spectacle from the lecture hall sidelines.

Good God, y’all.

Roberta May

| August 17, 2018 - 7:01 PM

I support Prof Brown.

MLS Library Science
UW-Wisconsin Madison ‘79

Terry Quinn BA(Divi)Hons, MA Theology

| August 18, 2018 - 5:12 PM

Please add my support to Professor Fulton Brown from an England

Victoria El Ouassil

| August 19, 2018 - 7:12 AM

I would like to support my friend Rachel Fulton Brown because I think we all should be friends in times like this, no matter of race, religion, what wr say or think and I owe respect anyway to someone like Rachel who tries to defend the idea that we should be free and help each other, she needs us now and this is her way to say: thank you that you exist, no matter who you are.

Douglas D McAbee

| August 22, 2018 - 12:34 PM

Affiliation:  California State University Long Beach

Barry Latzer, John Jay College of Criminal Justice

| August 22, 2018 - 12:43 PM

I would like to support Prof. Brown, but as I don’t know her or her work I cannot “specifically affirm . . . that Professor Brown has fulfilled all obligations that derive from common membership in the community of scholars, and that she has never discriminate[d] against or harass[ed] colleagues.”

Kendall Svengalis, U.R.I. Graduate School of Libra

| August 22, 2018 - 12:48 PM

The unwarranted and vicious attacks on Professor Brown are just another nail in the coffin of present day “higher” education.  These are not “scholars,” but ideologues on steroids.  They have poisoned higher education with unreason, intolerance, and far-left ideology, and pose a direct threat to open inquiry, free speech, and civility.  They are destroying what remains of liberal education.  They use vitriol and intolerance to sweep the landscape of any who fail to support their jaundiced and extreme view of the world, all the better to brainwash the minds of the students who are then deprived of an real education.

We should have seen this coming once they gained control.  Their goal all along has been to create a monolithic intellectual environment that will make students believe that to be “educated” is to be leftist in orientation.  Nothing could be farther from the truth.  Their behavior and tactics prove them to be totalitarians in academic garb, unworthy of the positions they hold.  And to think that bright high schools students are crawling all over themselves to gain admittance to these formerly “elite” institutions and to pay through the nose for the privilege of being brainwashed.

The time has long since come for parents and students to reject the old paradigm of the four-year academic degree and find alternative modes of credentialing.  And, if they do opt for the traditional four-year degree, to reject those schools where indoctrination and incivility reign.  I can’t think of a bigger waste of money.

Lloyd Cohen

| August 22, 2018 - 1:13 PM

I am at a loss as to how we have come to such a parlous state in the academy.

Colonel Franklyn J. Selzer

| August 22, 2018 - 3:11 PM

Western civilization is under attack for succeeding and having moved all peoples, everywhere, forward.  Rachel Fulton Brown is a truth-teller who is proud to share her knowledge and message.  And for this she is under attack?  By her ‘peers?’ Something is terribly wrong when folks who must know better seek to change well-established history and truths, to fit ‘fashions’ of the moment.  Such practice spells the death of knowledge and learning..

Ilia Rodov

| August 22, 2018 - 3:39 PM

I support Prof. Brown’s freedom of speech and the freedom of thought in academia

Lynn Werner, PhD

| August 22, 2018 - 5:05 PM

I’m horrified at the vicious attacks on Professor Brown and I support her fully. Every honest academic the world over should stand with her against this evil character assassination.
This has gone so far at so many previously hallowed institutions that I can no longer recommend students attend any university outside of rigorous STEM fields.
The cowardice of those who should be standing with and defending her is revolting, but truly telling.
It’s time to start working on pulling ALL public funding of four-year, higher education institutions unless this stops now. I’m happy to spend my retirement working diligently to defund this dangerous turn away from science and reason. This must not continue nor spread.

Caroline Agler

| August 23, 2018 - 12:33 AM

I am a common woman, not an academic, rather an autodidact. I am speaking up in defense of Rachel Fulton Brown, but even more to decry the McCarthy-esque calumny from Dorothy Kim and the signatories of her letter against Prof. Brown.  It is quite clear today that a vast number of the youth attending university in Western nations are being indoctrinated by Thought Police disguised as professors. Theirs is a twisted, leftist ideology that is anti-liberal and based in slander and fear.  It must be resisted, feverishly.

Mark Shelton

| August 23, 2018 - 5:33 AM

Time to stand up against the communist snowflakes who have destroyed free speech, assassinate the character of anyone who disagrees with their stupidity, and throw tantrums when they don’t get their way.  Come November, we must ALL get out and vote REPUBLICAN across the board!  #WalkAway

Kirby Olson

| August 23, 2018 - 8:55 AM

I support Professor Brown.

Kirby Olson, Ph.D., University of Washington, 1994

Roger M. Savory

| August 23, 2018 - 12:07 PM

Savory, Roger M. M.A. ()x0n), Ph.D (London), F.R.S.C.
University of Toronto.

Gary Grothman

| August 23, 2018 - 3:46 PM

Like Barry Latzer, I support Rachel Fulton Brown in this context, but I don’t have enough knowledge to say “she has never discriminate[d] against or harass[ed] colleagues”, so I’m unable to sign this letter.

Petr Zizler

| August 23, 2018 - 11:56 PM

We are losing the ability to speak freely. Can we still reverse it? Do we have enough people willing to stand up?

Dr Stephen Basdeo

| August 24, 2018 - 5:43 AM

happy to sign in support of Rachel Fulton Brown who has been unfairly maligned by a small but vocal minority of so-called “social justice” scholars.

Fred Friedel

| August 26, 2018 - 7:39 PM

The burden of proof rests with the accuser, not the accused. In some quarters the notion that all whites are racist, even if they don’t know it, has become fashionable.

Timothy J. Gordon J.D., Ph.L, M.A.

| August 29, 2018 - 3:23 PM

I support free speech in academia

Yesenia Ruiz

| August 29, 2018 - 6:15 PM

Protect free speech

Eric Bergerud

| August 29, 2018 - 7:43 PM

I strongly support Dr. Brown and full freedom of speech in higher education.
Eric Bergerud
Professor of History Emeritus
Lincoln University, Oakland CA
PhD: UC Berkeley

Tina lancevic

| August 29, 2018 - 8:10 PM


James Hatch

| August 29, 2018 - 8:13 PM


Corbett Ardis

| August 29, 2018 - 8:33 PM

Free speech isn’t free, it costs to defend it no matter what side of the issues you stand on.

Suha Voelker

| August 29, 2018 - 8:35 PM

I fully support Prof Brown

Rhonda L Harbour

| August 29, 2018 - 9:20 PM

Debate is good for the soul. We all have opinions and should be able to respectfully express them!

Amanda Way

| August 29, 2018 - 9:29 PM

I support professor Brown

Rev. Robin Collins

| August 29, 2018 - 9:45 PM

I fully support Prof. Brown and her right to protection under the very first amendment to our United States Constitution, the ability to speak freely without fear of retribution. May she be afforded all of the protections and professional courtesies she has worked so hard to secure not only for herself but, her students as well.


| August 29, 2018 - 9:50 PM

I’m in full support of Professor Brown.  Thank you,  Milo

john eddy

| August 29, 2018 - 9:55 PM

Please sign my nsme for support of Dr. Brown


| August 29, 2018 - 10:01 PM

Political Correctness is the exact same Tactics Used in the ‘30’s to falsely accuse, create an enemy of the agenda, destroy people’s lives, use violence ( Antifa) to manipulation and GasLight unconscious people to a malignant Propaganda.
Using emotions not facts to control.
Democrats / Liberals are horrifying in their quest to silence Truth.
I’m signing this letter and standing for Truth, Liberty , Freedom and Reality.
PC is a Dangerous Soros Driven Hate Crime posing as Compassion.
It’s not.
Profs Brown is being railroaded by a Hate Group .
This is Anti American
Anti Constitutional
And the Faculty involved in this insanity should be removed from any position and never have any influence on young people’s life that are trusting these Profs.
This is a Hate Crime on the Students and Prof Brown
I recommend a large fine and prison time for all these people who have signed the Petition of Corruption and Lies.

Sincerely Julane

Robert Hill

| August 29, 2018 - 10:09 PM

I support and admire Rachel Brown for standing up to an uncalled for and unnatural petty assault from some of her ‘colleagues’. She and her courage will be a gift to her students for many years.

Donna Fabb

| August 29, 2018 - 10:18 PM

I stand with Professor Brown

edith watkins

| August 29, 2018 - 10:27 PM

I will stand with Prof. Brown

William Downs

| August 29, 2018 - 10:29 PM

I fully support anyone defending free speech and proper values especially amongst the pit of snarling social justice vipers that the world of academia has become. So in short I stand behind Professor Rachel Fulton Brown

Steven Larkin

| August 29, 2018 - 10:30 PM

I stand behind Professor Rachel Brown.

Rebecca Syma

| August 29, 2018 - 10:35 PM

I stand in support of Rachel Brown.

Gloria Christian

| August 29, 2018 - 10:57 PM

I support and stand with Ms.Fulton Brown!!


| August 30, 2018 - 12:09 AM

Go get ‘em!

James Doogue

| August 30, 2018 - 12:19 AM

This should not be necessary. It’s a shame academia has lost its way in so many areas.

James W Doogue
MComm(Econ), BBus (Econ and Fin), Dip Fin Plan. CFP CPA Life Member FPA Former senior lecturer in Economics and Finance.


| August 30, 2018 - 12:44 AM

Free speech isn’t free

Rachel Ross

| August 30, 2018 - 1:29 AM

As a full time mother of 3, life long lover of learning and
Theology, Church History, and British History enthusiast, I proudly stand in suppprt of Professor Rachel Fulton Brown.

Jill martin

| August 30, 2018 - 4:05 AM

I fully support Rachel Brown in the defence of free speech. The situation in our universities is becoming ludicrous. Keep up the good work Rachel and Milo.

Sue clark

| August 30, 2018 - 7:20 AM

I wholeheartedly support Professor Rachel Brown!

Joseph Young

| August 30, 2018 - 7:26 AM

I wholeheartedly support the amazingly talented Rachel Brown!

Mike Wheeler

| August 30, 2018 - 9:22 AM

Sign name to petition

Kathy Pehnke

| August 30, 2018 - 9:52 AM

These attacks need to stop. I totally support Milo!!

Kelley G Downey

| August 30, 2018 - 4:42 PM

Please continue to stand up to bullies! The deep study of historic texts must never die. Thank you Rachel Fulton Brown for being an academic in the true sense of the word.

Jane y

| August 30, 2018 - 5:49 PM

Keep speaking for us

JD Ellis

| August 30, 2018 - 7:17 PM

Academia is in the midst of an existential crisis. The near total hegemony the left enjoys over its institutions has turned them into tribal communities, in which most people think more or less the same way, and in which there is almost no one left to push back against the questionable orthodoxies that have metastasized there, no one to say, “hold on a minute, there may be another way to interpret this issue.

Simon M

| August 30, 2018 - 11:21 PM

Terrible treatment. Keep fighting.

Paige Turner

| August 31, 2018 - 8:47 AM

I stand with Professor Brown.  If she can stand for those of us whose voices seem to “not matter”,  we can sure as hell stand in support of her voice.


| August 31, 2018 - 11:49 AM

this feels a little snow-flakey.  didn’t UChicago already defend her last year?  and didn’t her colleagues in the history department issue their own separate statement of support?

do we gotta do this every 11 months?  or was this just a publicity stunt?

Simone Smit

| August 31, 2018 - 1:59 PM

I stand with Rachel Fulton-Brown as we need and deserve academic freedom.  Also I have already informed my Eleven year old niece that she will not be going to just any University as they have become centers of Cult indoctrination rather than places of learning and Diversity.

Phil Bauman

| August 31, 2018 - 5:34 PM

God speed against the left wing fascists!

Phil Bauman

| August 31, 2018 - 5:35 PM

God speed!

Phil Bauman

| August 31, 2018 - 5:37 PM

I support you.

Dr. Peter J. Scaer

| September 01, 2018 - 10:18 AM

I stand with you, and with all who speak against the stifling monoculture of multiculturalism.

Mark Nowakowski, DMA, Kent State University

| September 01, 2018 - 11:02 AM

I sign for two main reasons: First, singular (and singularly intolerant) political and ideological opinions cannot be allowed to take over and essentially bully ideological minorities within entire fields of inquiry; this is the antithetical to the idea of “unity in diversity” implicit in the very idea of a “university”. Second, because academics should know enough to read within a broader context while also maintaining enough humanity to have a sense of humor. If your ideological fury is triggered before either of these two common sense things can leaven your reading (that is, contextual understanding and a sense of humor), then you need to re-examine your own inner life rather than engage in the full-scale persecution of a colleague in your discipline.


Rev. Dr. William J. P. Doubek

| September 01, 2018 - 1:53 PM

All voices, all perspectives, all ideas, all of humanity should be heard and have a respected place in academia!

Theodore Edelman

| September 01, 2018 - 2:34 PM

I stand with Rachel Fulton-Brown as we need and deserve academic freedom and freedom at all levels of life, but often it starts with parents and the school system at all levels.
I feel our Forefathers risked life and limb to give us what we have today, how can we do any less, for them, for ourselves.
I add my name not just for myself but for those who come after me, not only because I feel its my civic duty, but moral duty as well, to help preserve what I was very lucky to be a part of and have.
Today I join many here, to fight PC Culture, a culture not made with virtue in mind, but a false virtue, hate in the guise of goodness, one that has been weaponized to destroy all others that disagree.
I reject a culture that says it fights Hate, but with more Hate, says if fights Racism, but only with more Racism, says it fights Sexism but with more Sexism. That adds Phobias and Isms to any word that it can, do Vilify, Demonize and Dehumanize those who disagree, to kill Freespeech and Ideas in all its forms, the bad, and the good, and the ability to exchange to discover both and grow form it for the better.
If it does not stop here, it will only lead to tyranny and people will one day be fearful to buy and enjoy Neapolitan Ice Cream in concern, a concern that depending on what flavor you scoop out first, you may fit someone’s hate category and you and your family be destroyed for it.
I write out in belief in what I believe the spirit this country was founded on and wish to continue in my time and that which comes after me for others to live in.
Can we do no less than those who came before us, for ourselves and those who come after us?
Thank you for your time.

Gary W. Jenkins

| September 01, 2018 - 9:59 PM

Calamitatem rei publicae non veniat; es non sola.

Eric Holp

| September 01, 2018 - 10:47 PM

I support Rachel Fulton Brown.  She is a treasure.

Ian Bursztyn

| September 02, 2018 - 12:40 AM

Ian Bursztyn

B.A (Fairleigh Dickenson University)

Master of Administrative Science
(Fairleigh Dickenson University)

Adjunct Professor of Computer Science & Social Media

I stand with Professor Brown. The university must always be a place where faculty & students can speak freely and challenge each others ideas without fear of the social justice mob.

The problem many academics see is how legitimate fields of study are now being “infected” by those who in recent decades took over the Humanities departments and use those departments to push a extreme agenda. Subjects like women’s studies are not scientific and mostly peer reviewed by radical like minded people in the same echo chamber. History departments must not be pressured to in essence rewrite our collective history in order to suit the emotional sensibilities of some perceived victim group. words are not violence and facts do not care about peoples feelings. No one has a right to not be offended nor should a professor omit a opinion or fact in order to avoid someone taking offense.

The problem with most schools from k-12 and at the university level is that diversity of thought is at its lowest level in recent history. Most people hired and that receive tenure are usually of the far left to radical extreme left position on all issues. Having no one else to offer a centrist or conservative opinion is a huge problem and leaves many students worse off for not hearing other points of view. I suggest parents do not send your child to a school that lacks a wide range of views. Alumni should also stop making donations to universities that allow social justice extremists, marxists, etc to infect other departments as well as campus life/policies. The only way to make a change is to hurt those schools who do not foster diversity of thought while rewarding those who do.

Roy Barzilai

| September 02, 2018 - 8:31 AM

Sex Wars: The Fall Of Western Dominance

We live in a period of history in which intensifying gender, race and religious wars are leading to political disputes over nationalism versus globalism are threatening Western liberty with a return to primitive tribalism. Each side in the conflict, from conservatives and libertarians on the right, to liberals on the left, has its own high ideals and vision for the “social good” and the appropriate structure for our cultural, social and political institutions, which are deemed morally fit in accordance with each ethical view. Moral psychologist Jonathan Haidt terms this as “morality binds and blinds”, binding us together into social groups and blinding us from appreciating the moral values that guide the opposite side.

Michael Moores LeBlanc

| September 02, 2018 - 10:39 AM

” Carry On Regardless ! “

Curtis Shrum

| September 02, 2018 - 10:56 AM

I learned of Rachel Fulton Brown and the baseless attacks on her character watching Professor Janice Fiamengo’s excellent YouTube show The Fiamengo File. If you’ve been living under a rock and are unaware that the academic social justice mafia routinely engage in blatant lying and character assasination in support of their political activism and self aggrandizement, The Fiamengo File is a wonderful resource for understanding the corruption and perversion of academia that has propogated largely through the false narratives of feminist theory.

Without, at least, a proper grounding in the basic narratives and jargon involved in things like Womens and Gender Studies, you cannot possibly navigate the sophistry and hyperbolic bigotry of the “scholarship” generated by these “disciplines”. Do not make the mistake of assuming that people are speaking English when they say things like lived experience, strong objectivity, gender, sexual assault, oppression, etc. These are coded jargon that have little relevance to the common English meanings of the words involved.

We MUST educate ourselves as to the rot that passes for higher learning and the blatant racism and sexism that passes for “social justice” (more coded jargon) in today’s university before it irreparably damages the culture of free thought expression, and rational thinking that USED TO BE the highest value in the academy.

Jason Powers

| September 02, 2018 - 4:02 PM

I agree with comments made about academia and how Rachel Fulton Brown has been maligned by her ideologically-driven peers. Such tactics are not new, only growing more prevalent in the past two decades, enhanced by Social Media platforms that spread such conflicts to a wider, and most often, an enflaming audience.

To have freedom of speech and thought, and promote diversity while not actually allowing it for those freedoms, is quite contrary to academic pursuit and research. I will not pretend to know all of Brown’s writings, but the ones I read show an individual with humor, wit, and academic chops. She didn’t back down. She did her homework (research), presented it in detail, and didn’t apologize to her attackers, who shall remained unnamed here.

I understand uniquely Brown’s fight. Personally, I was drawn into such a conflict in late 2000. I was barely out of school, hoping to go back for a law degree, as I took the LSAT that fall. Sadly, such a test did not prepare me for the next 5 years of my life. That was the duration of the fight, sentencing, and probation regarding, ostensibly, my speech.

My details are irrelevant. My advice to Brown: continue to fight, never apologize, and do not contact your detractors. Those foils are doing the work for you, showing the toxicity of the minds, and emptiness of their souls.

To Brown’s credit, she has fought them with sarcasm and wit and logic. So, she doesn’t need my advice. I just hope others in and outside academia will shine bright lights on all of fields of inquiry, and wake up to the bankrupt ideas these peddlers of victimhood and slander do to destroy universities, which, if I recall right, came about, in earnest, around 1200 in Paris. (Bologna was the 1st in Europe….)

Jason T. Powers

B.S.I.E. Purdue University

MBA Valparaiso University

Teri Frazier

| September 02, 2018 - 5:16 PM

I stand in full support of Dr. Rachel Fulton Brown. I learned of the battle in which she has been embroiled via a video posted by Studio Brule of Dr. Janice Fiamengo’s commentary regarding the outrageous treatment Dr. Brown has been subjected to by the social justice crowd. I am astounded by the mendacity and cruelty exhibited by those who slander her as well as the lack of courage by fellow academians to support her.

Rose Dula

| September 02, 2018 - 7:08 PM

I support professor Rachel Fulton Brown.

Dee Dee Vicino

| September 02, 2018 - 7:09 PM

Brilliant blog.  I stand by and completely support Rachel Brown.

Michael Einhaus

| September 03, 2018 - 3:05 PM

Free speech in the academy is of paramount importance to a functioning democracy.

J Williams

| September 03, 2018 - 6:02 PM

The only valid response to a communist SJW mob is your middle finger.

William D Zerbe

| September 03, 2018 - 7:59 PM

This is a no brainier.


| September 03, 2018 - 8:36 PM

This trend of calling everyone who opposes leftists a racist or white supremacist is obsolete.
Racist and white supremacist are today’s Patriots, people who care about their cultural and racial identity.
Racist and white supremacist are words used by the left to shut down those who criticize them.
Go, Rachel!


| September 04, 2018 - 5:10 PM

Thank you for your stand against the dumbing-down of education. I support professor Rachel Fulton Brown.

Shehzad Ali

| September 05, 2018 - 2:19 AM

I totally support Prof. Rachel Brown in her work. She is doing an incredible job.


| September 05, 2018 - 10:51 AM

I support Prof Rachel Brown.  And I thank her.

Fernando Pires

| September 06, 2018 - 12:06 PM

I support Professor Rachel Fulton Brown, and am grateful for her preserverence before an ideologically insane mob.

Carl H. Sobocinski

| September 06, 2018 - 9:24 PM

I am appalled.  I want to say “unbelievable,” but unfortunately this sort of thing is all to common.  How can a simple acknowledgment that Western Civilization has significant achievements be equated with white supremacy?  As Jonathan Haidt has noted, today’s Left are the true conservatives (or rather reactionaries?) in that they keep re-fighting the same battles despite having won most of their objectives.  They like to think that they are still amidst the extreme struggles for racial and gender equality that dominated the 1950s and 1960s. 

This sort of extremism reminds me of the old Soviet Union.  As an undergraduate in the 1980s, in Russian/Soviet history classes, I noted that Soviet accusations levied at the West tended more to describe Soviet society itself.  In similar fashion, the left constantly wails about how they are marginalized and their voices silenced, when in fact they try to silence and marginalize any who dare disagree with their cult of victimhood.

Kevin Jenkins

| September 09, 2018 - 7:40 AM

I am going to sign the letter in support of Professor Brown, but I want to add a qualification here. I have no idea whether or not she has “never discriminated against any colleague.” I suspect she has not, but I just don’t know. That clause might be a stumbling block to some people signing it. It should only be included in a defense of her that have knowledge of those facts.

Richard Satterfield

| September 09, 2018 - 8:26 AM

It is an unfortunate fact that the United States Constitution in of itself cannot stand up for free speech or anything else for that matter.

Peter Norris

| September 11, 2018 - 11:23 PM

I enthusiastically support Rachel Fulton Brown. Her fearless and erudite writings epitomise what it is to be free-thinking and free-speaking individual (in addition to an academic). She is an inspiration! And I now have an interest in Medieval Studies, western civilistation and conservatism that I never knew existed - thanks to her! Best regards from Western Australia.

John Wenger

| September 17, 2018 - 10:28 PM

Of course I support the right of anyone to post an opinion on anything, but I have to note that in the second paragraph, after pointing out that “besieged academic” Rachel Fulton Brown has been disparaged as a “racist and white supremacist,” the post goes on to say, “Professor Brown has argued fiercely against the invasion of social justice warriors into the field of medieval studies, where they make specious claims about the medieval past. She is also on record as writing positively about Milo Yiannopoulos. Her beliefs have provoked a host of false accusations against her character.”

It is the second-to-last sentence in the above that has gotten my attention.  According to Wikipedia, “Much of the work at Breitbart which brought Yiannopoulos to national attention was inspired by the ideas of neo-Nazis and white nationalists. In October 2017, leaked emails revealed that Yiannopoulos had repeatedly solicited neo-Nazi and white supremacist figures on the alt-right for feedback and story ideas in his work for the website Breitbart. The leaked emails also showed that his book, Dangerous, and many of his Breitbart articles were ghost-written by a Breitbart colleague.[6]”

Given Dr. Brown’s support of this man , is it really surprising that someone who supports him is tarred by her association with him?  I fully agree that Dr. Brown has every right to associate with whomever she desires, but the article makes this woman seem to be unfairly besieged by leftist lunatics, and I, for one, do not feel moved to sign a letter which could be misconstrued as in any way supporting her beyond fighting for her academic freedom and her First Amendment rights.

It seems to me that accusations against the character of someone who befriends associates of neo-Nazis have at the least a surface plausibility.  Why is the NAS involving itself in the quest to support her, given the friends she keeps?  Is Wikipedia’s judgment (and what little I have heard about Yiannopoulos in the media in general) in error?  Then that should have been stated.  Otherwise, I see no reason for us to tarnish our organization by dismissing out of hand the attacks on her for supporting such a man.

John Wenger


| September 18, 2018 - 1:59 PM

Dear John,

Rachel Fulton Brown’s friendship with Milo Yiannopolous is a red herring.

Fulton Brown’s dispute with Dorothy Kim began in 2015, before she knew Yiannopolous. It started when Kim declared that medieval Europe is all about racism and white supremacism, and that the teaching of medieval studies should focus on ending racism and white supremacism, and on supporting “medievalists of color.” Fulton Brown objected saying that Kim’s characterization of medieval Europe was false. Kim responded by calling Fulton Brown a racist and a white supremacist.  Fulton Brown then posted on her own blog screenshots of Dorothy Kim saying horrible things about her on social media. Kim at that point complained that saying she was being threatened and harassed by people—but without providing evidence—and then started using the now all-too-frequent excuse of “safety” to try to keep Fulton Brown from even attending a medievalist conference panel Kim was organizing.

The case comes down to an attempt to subjugate an entire discipline to “anti-racism activism,” by labeling someone who objects as a racist, and using the language of safety as a weapon silence her opponent.

Fulton Brown’s association with Yiannopolous came late in the game.  Make of him what you will, her association with him has no bearing on the matter at hand.  Fulton Brown has not harassed Kim.  (Nor, as far as I know, has Yiannopolous.)  Kim has simply vilified an opponent by sticking labels on her that have no basis in fact.

We phrased our open letter in terms of the AAUP’s definition of standards of professional good character. Fulton Brown has lived up to those standards.  Some may doubt her choice of friends, but that has no bearing on her academic good conduct.

Wikipedia I doubt should be accepted as an authoritative source. I note its entry on the National Association of Scholars is rife with errors which Wikipedia’s editors refuse to correct—an experience that many others have had as well. I don’t think those who run Wikipedia mean to disseminate falsehoods, but they often wander into the territory of half-truths and hostile interpretations; and, because they grant their contributing editors broad discretion, they end up reflecting the ideological dispositions of those editors. 

The NAS supports Fulton Brown because her enemies are using reputational attacks to destroy traditional academic freedom.  This is a matter of general concern to NAS, as reputational attacks are becoming more frequent, more ferocious, and more consequential. Fulton Brown’s case provides an opportunity to push back.  She is of blameless professional character.  She joins a handful of other academics we have defended in similar terms, including Bruce Gilley, Amy Wax, and John McAdams.

I am heartened by the support from the many signatories to the petition. They include a large number of liberal medievalists—friends and colleagues of Fulton Brown. A lot of them think she’s intemperate; they wish she were not friends with Yiannopolous.  But they signed the letter anyway because they recognize the justice of the matter. Here’s one web-post ( of that sort. That sort of post reassures me that we made the right decision. I hope it reassures you too.

Peter Wood

Susan Jordan

| September 18, 2018 - 2:21 PM

Take back our universities!!!  You have my support always….MAGA!!

John Wenger

| September 20, 2018 - 1:30 AM

Thank you, Peter, for a very well reasoned and well written reply to my post.  I realize, upon rereading everything, that it is the preface to the letter I have a problem with, not the letter itself.  One problem I have with the preface is that what you stated in your post to me should have been stated from the get-go in the preface.

Dr. Brown’s problems seem to have been caused by those who want to turn all studies on anything into a crusade against the usual shibboleths of our time (racism, sexism, and who-knows-what-else-ism), and Dr. Brown should be praised for standing up to these bullies, but I don’t want my support for these virtuous efforts to be confused with any kind of support for neo-Nazis or friends of neo-Nazis or anything close to neo-Nazis.  Unfortunately Dr. Brown has brought this confusion on herself, thereby conflating her good cause with her bad choice of friends.

I have reservations about Wikipedia, especially after reading your letter, and I have heard similar things myself; this is why I said that my conclusions about Yiannopolous were conditioned upon the truth of what Wikipedia said about him.  Still, this opinion seems to be shared by the media in general, and it isn’t being challenged by anyone that I am aware of, so while you are right that it is a red herring, it still has to be made clear that the support we are giving Dr. Brown is not linked to her rather odd choice of friends..

My only other qualm has to do with this sentence:  “Kim has simply vilified an opponent by sticking labels on her that have no basis in fact.”  But one of the labels she has stuck on Dr. Brown has to do with her association with someone who consorts with neo-Nazis, and that seems to have a basis in fact.  I realize that her friendship shouldn’t matter, but we need to make it ultra clear when we support her that we are not commenting on her taste in friends or we will end up getting smeared for views we in fact abhor.  It also occurs to me that if Dr. Brown was called a racist before she even knew Yiannopolous, my comment is only cogent in retrospect.

The NAS has already gotten the reputation as a politically conservative organization, and this is something that should be fought tooth and nail.  Unfortunately, I think we are beginning to succumb to it ourselves.  There is no way to avoid it entirely, since many of the matters we oppose do originate from the left.  But we should emphasize that we are not partisan and that we welcome support from liberals on a vast array of items we all agree upon (you made this last point yourself).  The way this particular issue has been handled has the potential of being misunderstood if we don’t make our repugnance of neo-Nazism loud and clear.

I am not signing the letter myself because, as a mathematician, I do not know any of the actors in this conflict and have no knowledge of any of it, but I am certainly in agreement with every point of principle made in the letter.  My post is only an attempt to avoid giving our enemies ammunition against us that we do not deserve. 

I do not think we have any quarrel about principle at all.

John Wenger

Vangel Vesovski

| September 25, 2018 - 1:39 PM

I think that it is time that academics stood up for what is right, what is true, and what is moral.  The attacks on Rachel Fulton Brown are driven by a need to signal to others rather than identify some true act that she may have committed that is not justifiable. 

Dr Brown was quite correct to point out that most of the animosity towards dead white males was misplaced because it was dead white males that championed things like consensual marriage, chivalry, feminism, and the freedom of speech.  Her original blog post was playful so it is not surprising that the humorless did not understand her message.  But just because they do not understand it must mean that we do not have to hold them accountable for their foolishness.

Adrienne Nelson

| October 11, 2018 - 1:11 PM

Protect the 1st Amendment!

Sergey Korzuchin

| October 14, 2018 - 12:02 AM

To disagree with someone and giving ones rebuttal to their idea is the right way to respond & is proper,  but to vilify them for their free speech in expressing their belief or an idea is rude and uncivilized.

Alice Williams

| October 14, 2018 - 10:21 AM

An admirable and brave woman.